MEDICAL TERMS & MEANINGS
Chronic condition: Condition that persists over a period of time or that is expected to last. The condition is not necessarily severe and may gradually worsen. It may also be a condition with no cure such as lymphoedema, which has no cure but can be controlled.
Congestive heart failure: A condition when the heart is failing to pump. Often, one side of the heart starts to fail before the other. Should the left ventricle fail first, the result is pulmonary oedema, as the fluid accumulates in the lungs. Should the right ventricle fail first, the result is peripheral oedema, usually noticeable in the feet and ankles.
Fascia: Tissue surrounding, binding and separating the muscle
Fibromyalgia: Chronic condition characterized by poorly localized pain, tender points, and fatigue. It is often accompanied by symptoms such as insomnia, anxiety and depression.
Filariasis: Disturbance of the lymphatic system by the filariae, which are larvae transmitted by mosquito bites. It often results in gross lymphoedema called elephantiasis
Ischemic compression: Myofascial technique consisting in applying pressure on a particular point of the body for a short period of time with the intention to momentarily cut the blood supply to the area. It is also called trigger point therapy.
Lymphoedema: Long term, chronic condition characterized by swelling of certain parts of the body, and is caused by problems with the lymphatic system.
Massage: Manipulation of the soft tissue of the body with techniques such as kneading and rubbing with the purpose of relaxing the muscles and the nervous system
Myofascial: Skeletal muscle and the fascia surrounding it
Oedema: Excess fluid in the body tissue, usually as a result of a trauma such as a blow to the tissue, sport injury or following surgery.
Pressure gradient: The change in pressure measured across a given distance is called a "pressure gradient". The pressure gradient results in a net force that is directed from high to low pressure and this force is called the "pressure gradient force". The air moves from a high to low pressure. The pressure is greater in deep water than on the surface.
Ulcer: Excessive accumulation of pus in an inflamed confined area